Over the past few decades, there has been a rise in the number of obesity in children. The quality of life of children has reduced significantly resulting in international functional impairment. Due to this, there has been a need to develop effective treatment implementations. Conventional methods of treatment on the other hand have demonstrated modest short-term results. The emergence of bariatric surgery options for obesity treatment has presented most people with a potential way of treatment. There has however been a debate on whether children should be treated using bariatric surgery for obesity solutions.
Why bariatric surgery for children is opposed.
Compared to the use of lifestyle changes to treat obesity and bariatric surgery has proved that the latter are only effective for a short while. Bariatric surgery provides the opportunity for patients to lose much more weight. The concerns that have arisen about the performance of bariatric surgery in children are because of the side effects, ethical considerations, and the uncertainty of the long-term results. Below are some of the concern factors.
Risk of vitamin and micronutrient deficiency.
There is a worry that the procedure leads to vitamin and micronutrient deficiency in the body leading to a decline in the growth rate in children. Within the first three years post the surgery procedure decline in vitamin levels is very common. Bariatric vitamins and micronutrients are routinely supplemented. The reason for the supplementation is because vitamins for immunity support are needed in the body to prevent the side effects that occur due to certain vitamin deficiencies. The administration of vitamin supplements has been made easier through the use of products such as tespo vitamin dispenser that are portable and easy to use. Additionally, a bariatric app has been developed to support patients by ensuring they do not forget a step of their weight loss journey by tracking their nutrition, joining support groups, giving reminders for the time to take their supplements, and learn nutritious recipes and diet guidelines.
Severe side effects have been observed in some patients. Dumping syndrome is one of the major side effects. Dumping syndrome is integrated with other symptoms such as diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, bloating, palpitations, and hypotension.
There are several moral challenges associated with the performance of bariatric surgery in children. There are underlying presumptions and conceptions revealed in the analysis of the ethical issues emerging. The moral issues that make sense need to be dealt with to ensure that the surgical procedure is administered to children in a morally upright way.
Bariatric surgery for children has not led to the rise of only one single question on whether it is right to administer it to children. Even though it is an effective method that can be used to save the lives of children, it is not clear if it should be used or not. Several things need to be put into consideration before settling on the decision to use this surgery for obesity treatment in children.